ICNM - Institue for Complementary and Natural Medicine

News & Events: Tuesday 14th June

International Yoga Day used to help highlight NICE guideline fears

International Yoga Day used to help highlight NICE guideline fears... Read further

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ACUPRESSURE

Using the Acupuncture points, pressure from the fingers is applied where appropriate.
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ACUPUNCTURE

Fine needles are inserted into the body at meridians or energy centres. This ‘unblocks’ or regulates the Chi energy circulating the body which in turn stimulates the healing process.
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ALEXANDER TECHNIQUE

F. M Alexaner (1866 – 1955) was an Australian actor who lost his voice. He realigned his posture and his voice returned. The Technique seeks to persuade the body to return to its normal position allowing the brain to recognise and retain the realignment. The head and neck positioning is particularly important.
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AMATSU MEDICINE

A 5,000-year-old natural Japanese system of Holistic Medicine using gentle physical therapy, soft tissue manipulation encouraging re-alignment of the spine or joints.
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AQUA TOUCH

A whole body treatment given in water, developed by Patricia Morrell. See also Reflect Touch.
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AURICULAR ACUPUNCTURE

The ear has a number of merdian points which can be used to affect the whole body
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AYURVEDA

An ancient Indian system of preventive medicine and treatments which includes diet, yoga and meditation.
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BACH FLOWERS

These formulae were developed by Dr Edward Bach as an offshoot of homeopathic medicine.
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BIODYNAMIC MASSAGE

The link between the psyche and the physical, common in all Complementary Medicine, was further developed by Gerda Boyesen in Norway in the late 1960s where she used massage to remove emotional trauma from the organs of the body. She claimed to detect the variations in health by monitoring the fluid sounds through her stethoscope.
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BIO-ENERGY THERAPY

Practitioners use the enhanced sensitivity of their hands to identify where energy is flowing and where it may be blocked. They then work to release any blockages and restore flow to the bio-energy field.
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CHINESE MEDICINE

This has much in common with other Eastern systems and is the foundation of many techniques currently used in the West. It provides a comprehensive range of treatments.
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CHIROPRACTIC

Manual therapy including the manipulation of the spine, other joints and soft tissues. D D Palmer founded Chiropractic in the 1890s. Chiropractors vary in their approach. Some give extended massage before treatment whilst others do not.
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COLOUR THERAPY

Therapists trained in Colour Therapy are said to be able to use light in the form of colour to balance “energy” wherever a person’s body be lacking whether on physical, mental or emotional levels.
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COUNSELLING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

Humanistic, Jungian/Transpersonal or Integrative Counselling/Psychotherapy will usually be most compatible with a holistic approach to whole-person care.
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CRANIAL OSTEOPATHY

Developed by Dr William Sutherland in the 1930s, this is an extension of the ancient Chinese Tui Na and Osteopathic techniques. The process appears to rely on the practitioner’s healing energies directed into the head and neck.
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CRYSTAL HEALING

Crystals transmit energy which are claimed to be able to tune to the body’s fluctuating vibrations. Crystals are chosen according to their energy and the needs of the patient.
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GERSON THERAPY

Dr Max Gerson devised this nutritional regime for cancer and health conditions. The programme aims to re-energise the body’s own immune response.
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HEALING

The term healing is generally used in two ways:
1. To describe the natural ability within psyche-soma to rebalance and heal itself as a homeostatic (innate) process of repair.
2. To define the channelling of healing energy in and around the client. This form of healing may help in recovery from illness, in support of the immune system and to aid the healing process as a whole.

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HELLERWORK

Joseph Heller used deep tissue massage together with psychotherapy and postural re-alignment. A pupil of Dr Ida Rolf (Rolfing), Heller broke away from Rolfing because his technique also used counselling,
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HERBAL MEDICINE

Herbs are used in bother Eastern and Western medicine. Particular emphasis is laid on the energetic content of the herbs and their ability to stimulate healing. The whole herb has a wider healing potential than the single active agent used by the pharmaceutical industry.
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HOLISM

In Complementary Medicine, the whole is seen as more than the sum of the parts and describes treatments which are focused on the physical, mental and emotional elements.
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HOMEOPATHY

Hippocrates and Samuel Hahnemann (1796) are credited with using the homeopathic principle. This entails treating the vital force to enable the body to re-energise is own repair mechanisms. The Homeopathic remedy does not treat the presenting symptom but the body’s ability to heal itself with the result that prescriptions for the same named disease will probably be different in each case.
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HYPNOTHERAPY

This is not just hypnosis but a partnership between practitioner and patient which aims at defining the case of the problem thereby helping the patient to overcome it in their own way and in their own time.
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IRIDOLOGY

A diagnosis is made from the iris which is exposed to nerve endings. There is little reliable research to support its effectiveness but practitioners appear to make a significant contribution to helping patients understand those parts of the body that need attention.
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KINESIOLOGY

The use of testing muscle strength to find elements that disturb the patient’s well-being. Can be used to find which foods are most conducive to health and those which may cause allergies. It is also used to find the appropriate natural medicine such as a homeopathic remedy.
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MUSIC THERAPY

Sound and music produce vibrations and these can have an effect on the healing process.
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NATUROPATHY

The Naturopath will have many different treatments to offer but all are based on the concept that the body will heal itself if given the right stimulus.
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NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING

This refers to the connection between the neurological processes, language and behavioural patterns that have been learned through experience.
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NUTRITIIONAL THERAPY

Diet radically influences our health and well-being. If we recognise that the body chemistry of each person is different, the need for different diets is apparent.
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OSTEOPATHY

The basic tenet of osteopathy is that structure governs function. Andrew Taylor Still is given credit for initiating the system at the end of the American Civil War but there is much in common with Chiropractic and Eastern techniques of ensuring that the skeleton is in correct alignment to that nerves are not pinched.
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OXYGEN THERAPY

Forms of oxygen (ozone) have been used in many contexts. As a treatment, it has been recognised that harmful bacteria and viruses can only live in a low oxygen environment. Treatments include sitting in a steam bath and being surrounded by ozone to treat the blood by passing ozone through it and clearing impurities. Dr Otto Warburg proved that oxygen cannot live in a high oxygen environment.
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PILATES

Specific exercises to correct the posture first developed by Joseph Pilates in the USA.
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POLARITY THERAPY

A healing system that has much in common with Ayurveda. Developed in Austria by Randolph Stone in the 1920s, the idea is that parts of the body have a positive charge whilst others are negatively charged. Treatments involve bringing the body into balance by using counselling, healing, exercise and nutrition.
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QI GONG

Part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), It is defined as energy practice and involves the transmission of the healing energy into the patient.
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RADIONICS

Dr Albert Abrams and Ruth Drown were among those who developed Radionics on the premise that disease produces its own unique energy vibration. The Radionic Instrument us used to focus the healer’s mind on the relevant vibration so that healing can be transmitted.
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REFLEXOLOGY

The principle is that all the organs in the body are reflected on the foot or hand. By pressing the relevant point, healing can be transferred to the particular area in need. Original practitioners thought that crystal or lactic acid which caused sensitivity must be crushed to enable healing to take place. The pain was often considerable and this process has been superseded by gentler methods.
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REFLEX TOUCH

This is a development associated with Patricia Morrell who achieved success with her methods of diagnosis and light touch (Morrell Reflexology) which have been further refined.
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REIKI

A Japanese healing discipline developed by Mikao Isui. The principles are similar to most other healing techniques except that the system follows a pre-determined set of hand positions which form the basis for each treatment. The system relied on the ability to transfer the healing energy from practitioner to client.
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ROLFING

Dr Ida Rolfe developed this treatment which considered that muscles have a memory which could cause problems unless controlled. The Rolfer works on connective tissue of the myofascial system to break down tension and create a better balanced body.
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SHIATSU

A Japanese system similar to acupuncture but without the needles. The practitioner may use elbows, feet, knees and fingers to transfer the Qi or vital energy to balance the whole body.
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SOPHROLOGY

Sophrology means "the science of the consciousness in harmony". Created in Spain in 1960 by a neuro-psychiatrist, it is a life-balancing technique that aims to create an alert mind in a relaxed body. At the crossroads between Western relaxation and Eastern meditation, it uses a practical set of tools: relaxation, breathing, visualisation and simple movements that can help with a range of issues including depression, anxiety, self-confidence, preparing for exams, speaking in public or interviews, sports mental preparation, stage performance, insomnia and chronic fatigue.
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SPORTS MASSAGE

Particular treatments aimed at maintaining the strength and muscle power of the sports person. Emphasis is usually on prevention.
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SWEDISH MASSAGE

Common system of massage using kneading, stroking and pummelling to achieve relaxation and increased circulation of the blood.
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TAI CHI

Part of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Flowing slow movements and breathing techniques stimulate and regulate the flow of Chi energy.
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THE BOWEN TECHNIQUE

This is a remedial, hands-on therapy that is applied using very gentle pressure. The practitioner uses thumbs and fingers on precise points of the body to perform Bowen’s unique sets of rolling-type moves which stimulates the muscles and soft tissue.
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TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE

The basis of TCM is the concept of Yin and Yang. Yin represents feminine traits and quiet, calm introspection while Yang represents loudness, light and masculine traits. These must be balanced to achieve health and well being.
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TRANSFORMATIONAL BREATH

This technique was co-developed by Judith Kravitz in the 1980s. It works on the physical, emotional/intellectual and spiritual levels, raising energy, clearing negativity from the sub-conscious mind and improving breathing. It uses connected breathing in the whole of the respiratory system, body mapping (similar to acupressure), sound, gentle movement and affirmations.
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TUI NA

Tui Na involves massage, acupressure, qi gong and cranial balancing. It is an important component of TCM.
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Yoga

Indian Medicine places much emphasis on prevention and yoga is used with that in mind. There are many types of yoga which is basically postural and stretching exercises.
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